Arms of Comyn and de Quincy

Comyn and de Quincy

Arms of Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan (?-1289) and Elizabeth de Quincy

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme azure three garbs or and gules seven mascles conjoined 3, 3, and 1

Ferne gives Comyn’s wife’s name as Alice, but it was actually Elizabeth. The couple had at least nine children together.

The arms given here for Comyn are identical to the arms usually used for the Earls of Chester. Some sources have the Comyns as the first Earls of Chester before the title passed to John of Scotland, but I believe this is incorrect. I cannot find any reliable evidence that the Comyns and the Earls of Chester were related. This may be an error, or it may be a case of two families genuinely bearing the same arms. They were, after all, in two different kingdoms (the Comyns were Scottish), and the famous Scrope v. Grosvenor case would not be decided for another hundred years after Alexander Comyn’s death.


Arms of Concino Concini

Concinio Concini


Blazon: Party of six; I and VI azure three mounts in base or surmounted by as many feathers argent, II and IV or a double-headed eagle displayed sable, III and V argent a chain in saltire sable

Concini was awarded the additional quarters with the eagle in 1610 as part of his ascension to Marquis de l’Ancre, though I am not sure of its origin. It does not seem to be related to the German arms.

Arms of Roger de Leuknor


(c. 1244 – c. 1295)

From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Azure three chevronels argent

Sir Roger de Leuknor (or Lewknor) married Joan de Keynes, who seems to have been an heiress in her own right. They probably lived near Sussex, where both families held land.

The chevronel is a diminutive (smaller version) of the chevron. As in these arms, they are typically borne in multiples, although it’s not impossible to have a single chevronel.

Arms of de Ferrers and de Quincy

Ferrers and Quincy

Arms of William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby (1193 – 1254) and Margaret de Quincy (c. 1218 – 1280)

From p81 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme argent six horseshoes sable and gules seven mascles conjoined 3, 3, and 1 or

I have previously discussed the disagreement over the Ferrers arms here. Ferne incorrectly refers to William as the Lord of Groby. The first Lord of Groby was William and Margaret’s grandson, also named William, who received the title in 1299 William and Margaret married in 1238 and had five children, including the heir to Derby, Robert. William previously had seven daughters with his first wife, the youngest of whom, Eleanor, later married Margaret’s father, Roger de Quincy.

Arms of the House of Concini


In use since 1496?

Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV azure three mounts in base or surmounted by as many feathers argent*, II and III argent a chain in saltire sable

*Intentionally unclear; some depictions have one feather on each mount, while others show the three feathers grouped on the central mount.

There is not much information available on the Concini family, but they seem to have been Tuscan in origin, possibly descended from the Counts of Catenaia.

Arms of Thomas Paynel

Thomas Paynel

From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Or two bars azure within an orle of martlets gules

Thomas was the son of William Paynel and an anonymous daughter of William fitzWimund. The arms use the same charges and positioning, but different tinctures. This is almost certainly an early form of differencing (changing arms to distinguish between members of a family). In England, differencing would later evolve into a codified system, at least according to most heraldic writers (though it is not clear how closely their rules were followed in practice).

Arms of de Quincy and Galloway

Quincy and Galloway

Arms of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester (1195-1264) and Helen of Galloway

From p81 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme gules seven mascles 3, 3, and 1 or and argent an escutcheon within a tresseure fleury counter-fleury gules

Helen of Galloway was the daughter of Alan of Galloway, Lord of Galloway and Constable of Scotland. Through their marriage, Roger inherited one-third of the Lordship. He also received the earldom when his mother died in 1235. The arms in the sinister half of the shield allegedly belong to Alan of Galloway, but I cannot corroborate this anywhere. (The tinctures are also somewhat unclear.)