Arms of Alcázar de San Juan, Spain

Alcazar de San Juan

Granted 1992

Blazon: Azure on a base a triple-towered castle or windowed gules in the dexter; in the sinister a knight armored bearing in the dexter hand a lance proper and in the sinister hand a banner of the third a cross argent mounted on a horse salient of the last saddled, bridled, and caprisoned also proper

The knight is potentially a reference to the Knights Hospitaller, who took control of the town in 1189 – the banner matches their arms. The name of the town is probably derived from the Arabic “Al-kasar,” or “fortified castle.”

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Arms of Breitenau, Austria

Breitenau

Granted 1990

Blazon: Per fess or vert and azure, three ears of wheat of the first surmounted by a four-spoked cogwheel sable

The wheat and cogwheel presumably refer to area industries (agriculture is still important in the area), but I cannot find any concrete information on their origins.

Arms of Albaladejo, Spain

Albaladejo

Arms of Albaladejo, Spain

Granted 1995

Blazon: Or a bend vert between in chief a castle triple-towered and in base a cross of Santiago gules

An investigation begun in 1995 found that the city of Albaladejo had not previously used its own arms. The city subsequently adopted the arms shown here, with the castle symbolizing the ancient Roman fortress, and the cross of Santiago the local parish of St. James the Apostle. Given that the bend was used to represent the ancient road that gave the city its name (from the Arabic “albalá”, or “road”), these may be considered canting arms.

Arms of Bregenz, Austria

Bregenz

Granted 1529

Blazon: Kürsch on a pale argent three ermine tails sable

These arms originally belonged to the Counts of Bregenz, a branch of the Udalrichinger family, who were allegedly descended from Charlemagne’s brother-in-law. The family later intermarried with the Counts of Montfort. In 1451, the territory of Bregenz was sold to the Habsburgs, and they added “Counts of Bregenz” to their considerable list of titles.

This is an excellent example of the heraldic fur Kürsch. This is used exclusively in Germanic heraldry. It is sometimes blazoned in English as “fur,” and does not have any set tincture; it is assumed to be proper. I have used the German word to avoid confusion with the more general category of “fur.”