The chief, from the French “chef,” is a fifth part of the whole escocheon nearest the top, and is sometimes surmounted of another in addition of honour.

-From Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dallaway, p456 (1793)

Arms of Robert Hungerford

Lord Moleyns and Hungerford (1431-1464)

Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV sable two bars argent, in chief three plates (Hungerford); II and III per pale indented vert and gules, a chevron or; overall in the fess point an escutcheon crowned proper, argent three mill-rinds sable*

*I cannot be sure of this blazon; the escutcheon of pretense indicates that it was the arms of his wife, Eleanor, heiress of the Moleyns family. The name suggests a moline, or mill-rind, as a possible charge, but this is sheer conjecture.

Arms of Melilla, Spain

Blazon: Azure two baskets in pale chequy gules and or, each containing fourteen demi-serprents proper, all within a bordure compony of gules a castle triple-towered or, windowed azure (Castile) and argent a lion rampant gules, crowned or (León)

Crest: Issuant from a crown proper, a tower or windowed azure; issuant therefrom a knight proper, armored argent, robed gules, in the dexter hand a dagger proper

Supporters: Two columns entwined by a banner argent ensigned with the motto “Non Plus Ultra” sable

Motto: Praeferre Patriam Liberis Parentem Decet (“It is good for a parent to put his fatherland before his children.”)


Arms of Alland, Austria

In use since 1415?

Blazon: Vert in base on a fess wavy argent another azure, issuant therefrom on the dexter a mount issuant from the side of the escutcheon of the second, and on the sinister a tree or

Arms of Weinsberg, Germany

Granted 1958, though the sinister half has been in use since 1318 and the dexter since 1423

Blazon: Argent a double-headed eagle displayed sable, armed gules dimidiated with azure a grapevine fructed and issuant from a mount in base or

Arms of Ceuta, Spain

In use since 1415

Blazon: Argent five escutcheons in cross azure, each charged with as many plates in saltire, all within a bordure gules charged with seven castles triple-towered or, windowed of the second (Portugal)