GriffinRampant will be on hiatus through the end of June. Everything is okay; I just need a break from daily posting. Take care!
Apologies for no post today – it seems to have been eaten. I’ll put up the post on the UK national arms (for the Queen’s birthday) tomorrow!
due to the holiday and quarantine. Back to the regular schedule tomorrow!
(1225/33 – 1314)
From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)
Blazon: Azure three horse-barnacles expanded or, on a chief ermine a demi-lion rampant issuant from the partition line gules
There is an actual crustacean known as the horse barnacle (Semibalanus cariosus), but 1. the depiction here doesn’t look anything like an actual barnacle and 2. they are native to the northwestern Pacific, so absolutely nowhere near England or France, where they were mostly featured in heraldry. What this charge actually depicts is a slightly more complicated question. It was possibly originally a farrier’s tool to hold horses’ muzzles closed, but it does seem to have been used as a torture method in a few instances. In one of those cases, that of Sir Henry Wyatt, the family allegedly incorporated a horse-barnacle into their arms as a symbol of their loyalty to the Tudors.
The Genevilles, or Joinvilles as they were known in France, don’t seem to have a dramatic origin story for their arms, but there are plenty of other notables in the family to make up for any shortfall. Geoffrey’s older brother Jean de Joinville wrote a very well-known chronicle of the life of Louis IX and the Seventh Crusade, commissioned by Jeanne of Navarre. Geoffrey arrived in England along with Eleanor of Provence when she came to marry Henry III, and was later involved in a number of important negotiations, including with Llewelyn ap Gruffudd. He also traveled widely, going on diplomatic missions to Paris and participating in the Eighth Crusade. (No word on whether Jean warned him that was a terrible idea.) He had an exceptionally long life for the period, so it’s perhaps not surprising that his eldest son predeceased him. Upon his death, most of the Geneville titles and lands (plus the de Lacy properties Geoffrey inherited from his wife Maud) passed to Roger Mortimer via his wife Joan de Geneville, Geoffrey’s eldest granddaughter. She did eventually get her inheritance back after Roger’s execution for treason.
Granted 2000; in use since 1282
Blazon: Per bend gules and argent, three legs and as many ears of wheat conjoined in the fess point alternating; overall the head of Medusa, all proper
As in the Isle of Man, the three legs conjoined is referred to as a “triskelion”, which is also more commonly used to describe three conjoined spirals. Due to that potential ambiguity, I’d rather not use the term in blazon to refer to three conjoined legs. However, the symbol has been associated with Sicily for centuries; Pliny the Elder attributes it to the roughly triangular shape of the island. I’m a little skeptical of the rationale behind that, but it’s pretty decent evidence for an ancient origin of the symbol.
Some of the very earliest representations of the Sicilian triskelion have a generic-looking face, but the motif of the Gorgoneion is independently ancient, with some local representations going back to the sixth century. It has a long history as a protective charm and symbol of divine power. The wheat ears are allegedly a reference to fertility and the island’s role as a major grain producer within the Roman Republic and Empire.
due to travel. Regular schedule will resume tomorrow!
Today is Quatorze Juillet, or Bastille Day, the national holiday of France. This year marks the 230th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille during the French Revolution. The Bastille was an armory and prison in the center of Paris, and a symbol of monarchical authority, it was a natural target for the burgeoning French Revolution. Roughly one thousand civilians attacked the fortress, which contained a significant amount of ammunition (and seven prisoners). Obviously, the attackers succeeded in taking the Bastille, and the first major outbreak of violence in the French Revolution eventually convinced Louis XVI to (temporarily) capitulate.
It’s a bit tricky to talk about the “heraldry of the French Revolution,” since it resulted in a mass repudiation of pretty much everything associated with the nobility. However, at the risk of talking about flags again, I do think it’s worth pointing out that the Revolution holds the roots of the current French tricolore – and yes, it does ultimately go back to heraldry.
The arms of Paris are gules a single masted-ship, sails unfurled on a sea in base argent, a chief azure semé de lis or. The chief is derived from the arms of France ancien, and the ship is from the marchands de l’eau¸ a powerful merchant guild operating on the Seine since 1170. The Parisian coat of arms has been pretty much the same since 1358, with some changes (the addition of the sea waves, a brief change to France moderne in the 15th century). The arms are the source for the city colors of Paris – red and blue. I think you probably see where this is going.
Cockades were a popular way of displaying political allegiance in the eighteenth century – sort of like campaign buttons today. It was, therefore, perfectly natural for the Paris militia to wear a cockade of blue and red when they formed on July 13th, 1789. The blue and red design had a run of about two weeks before Lafayette proposed the addition of a white stripe to make it clear that this was a national movement, and not something confined to Paris. His suggestion was implemented on July 27th as part of the uniform of the National Guard.
The rest is, as they say, history. October 24th, 1790 saw the National Assembly adopt a red, white, and blue standard as the national flag, which was changed to blue, white, and red on February 15th, 1794. I’m not sure why this change was made, but it clearly stuck; with the exception of about 15 years during the Bourbon Restoration, when they went with a plain white flag, the tricolore has been the iconic symbol of the French nation ever since.
I know it’s been a while since the last time I’ve posted here, and honestly, I really miss it. I’m excited to be back in the weird world of heraldry research, and I can’t wait to get back to regular posting. That being said, three posts per day was not really working out for me. I also want to have a more predictable schedule of what posts when. I’ve decided to do one post per day, but to make up for the lack of frequency, they will be longer and more detailed, with more of my voice in them (so to speak). So going forward, here’s what to expect:
On Mondays, I will be revisiting the regional and municipal arms of France. It’s been a few years since I’ve done this, and I’m looking forward to seeing them with more experienced eyes. Tuesdays will feature English arms; I’ll probably continue going through the Dering Roll for now, but I’d like to get back into their municipal arms sometime soon. On Wednesdays, you can look forward to German armory, followed by Italian arms on Thursdays. Fridays will feature Austrian arms, and on Saturdays, we’ll return to the Iberian Peninsula for your weekly fix of Spanish heraldry. Finally, on Sundays, I’ll post something from whatever heraldic book I’m currently working through. Tomorrow, June 30th, will feature the first post from William Wyrley’s True Use of Arms, initially published in 1592. I will also be doing occasional special-feature posts, so keep an eye out for those too!
Arms of Saer de Quincy, Earl of Winchester and (1170 – 1219) and Margaret de Beaumont (unknown)
From p81 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)
Blazon: Per pale baron and femme gules seven mascles 3, 3, and 1 or and gules a cinquefoile ermine
Since Saer de Quincy married one of the two heiresses of the de Beaumont family, he was entitled to bear the arms of the Beaumonts marshalled with his own. (Margaret’s brother, Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester, died in 1204.) However, since Margaret was the younger sister, the title Earl of Leicester passed to her older sister’s husband.