Arms of Hemmendorf, Germany

Hemmendorf

Probably in use since 1987

Blazon: Azure a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules; in the dexter chief a Maltese cross argent

I’m pretty confident in saying that the Maltese cross derives from the Knights Hospitaller, given their long association with the town. The Knights Hospitaller owned the town outright from 1281 through 1805, though they had a presence in the area dating back to 1258. I’m not sure about the lion, though.

Arms of Elias Giffard

Giffard

From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Gules three lions passant argent a bordure indented or

The last Elias Giffard I can find (the fourth one) died in 1248, so I’m not entirely sure if this is supposed to be him, or perhaps another descendant, Regardless, rebellion runs in the Giffard family. Elias IV, Lord of Brimpsfield, joined the First Baron’s War against King John. He later lost all of his land and titles for his efforts, but Henry III restored them. Then his grandson, Sir John Giffard, the second Baron of Brimpsfield apparently died on the wrong side of the Battle of Boroughbridge and was buried as a traitor. He had no children, so the tradition of Giffards being angry at their monarch ended with him.

Arms of William III and Mary II

William and Mary

From Encyclopedia of Heraldry by John Burke and John Bernard Burke (1844)

Blazon: Per quarterly, I and IV per quarterly i and iv azure three fleurs-de-lis or (France) and gules three lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure (England); II or a lion rampant within a tressure flory counter-flory gules (Scotland); III azure a harp or stringed argent (Ireland), overall an escutcheon azure billette a lion rampant or (Nassau)

After the Glorious Revolution ousted James II in 1688, the English Parliament invited his eldest (legitimate) daughter, Mary, and her husband, William of Orange, to rule instead. Technically, the arms above are Mary’s, although they were joint rulers; she inherited the arms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from her father, and the arms of William’s House of Orange-Nassau are placed in an escutcheon of pretense, indicating she does not truly have a claim to those arms.

Arms of Hugh de Turberville

Turberville

From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Argent a lion rampant gules

After the disappointing lack (or surplus) of information on John de Bohun last week, I am pleased to report that Hugh de Turberville actually has his own Wikipedia page! (Or, at least, it belongs to someone with the same name and extremely similar arms who lived around the same time the Dering Roll was compiled.) A few highlights include: lord of Crickhowell Castle; lots of fighting against Wales; granted Hasfield in Gloucestershire by his daughter’s father-in-law; daughter Sybil married the excellently named Grimbold Paunceforte, who ended up inheriting both Crickhowell and Hasfield when Hugh died in 1293.

Wikipedia has his arms as argent a lion gules crowned or, which is a small discrepancy, but it’s entirely possible that it’s a typo in one blazon or another, the Dering Roll itself was not clear enough to depict the crown, or that Hugh was later awarded a modified blazon in recognition of some service.

Arms of James I

James I

From Encyclopedia of Heraldry by John Burke and John Bernard Burke (1844)

Blazon: Per quarterly, I and IV per quarterly i and iv azure three fleurs-de-lis or (France) and gules three lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure (England); II or a lion rampant within a tressure flory counter-flory gules (Scotland); III azure a harp or stringed argent (Ireland)

Here (circa 1604), we start seeing the beginning of the transition from English arms to British arms. We’re not quite there yet, and we won’t be for a few monarchs still, but James is the first to call himself “King of Great Britain and Ireland,” and also the first to formally incorporate the arms of Scotland and Ireland into his royal armorial. The kings and queens of England had also held Ireland as a separate title since John in 1177, who was named Lord of Ireland. Henry VIII became King of Ireland in 1542, which was also the point at which the personal union of the kingdoms was formalized, but the Irish arms were never incorporated. (The Burkes mention that Elizabeth I added the Irish harp to her Great Seal, but it was not part of her official arms.) Scotland, of course, wasn’t part of the English crown until James ascended to the throne. Even then, it was technically a separate state, but given James’ advocacy for a single parliament for both countries, I’m not surprised he chose to add the Scottish arms in the same way that he did the Irish ones. He also followed Elizabeth I’s lead by preserving the French quarter, and at least the nominal claim to the throne of France (though by now, it’s functionally DOA).

Arms of Henry V

Henry V

From Encyclopedia of Heraldry by John Burke and John Bernard Burke (1844)

Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV azure three fleurs-de-lis or (France moderne), II and III gules three lions passant guardant in pale or (England)

Unfortunately (I think it’s unfortunate, anyway), the Burkes have chosen not to illustrate Richard II’s arms. He was a pretty terrible king, but he did have some interesting heraldic innovations, impaling the arms of his patron saint Edward the Confessor and adopting the first royal supporters in England (two angels proper). Instead, we skip straight to Henry V who, following the kingdom of France, reduced the fleurs-de-lis in the first and fourth quarters to three. Can’t have outdated arms when you’re trying to lay claim to a whole other nation (and, in Henry V’s case, succeeding).

The Burkes also mention that Henry V bore the same supporters as his father, Henry IV, when he became king: a lion rampant guardant crowned or and a heraldic antelope (not to be confused with actual antelopes) argent, gorged with a crown and chained or. The antelope is apparently derived from the de Bohun family; Mary de Bohun was Henry IV’s first wife, and the antelope was a badge of her family. For some reason, Henry V’s supporters as Prince of Wales are also mentioned: “two swans, each holding in the beak an ostrich feather and scroll.” I’m very annoyed that they haven’t included tinctures, since I can’t find a depiction of these supporters (which also makes me a little skeptical that they, you know, existed). The swans were also de Bohun badges, and the ostrich feather and scroll are probably a reference to the arms of Edward the Black Prince.

Arms of Lazio, Italy

Lazio

Granted 1984

Blazon: On an octagon vert charged with another argent, thereon another gules, a saltire party of five; in the center point per pale gules and azure an eagle displayed with wings inverted and crowned argent (Rome); in the dexter chief azure a lion rampant or holding a dagger azure, in chief two branches of oak and laurel ensigned by a circlet, in base two cornucopias conjoined in base, all proper (Frosinone); in the sinister chief, azure on a bend vert fimbriated or between in chief a tower on a mount in base proper and in base an anchor, three ears of wheat of the last (Latina); in the dexter base, gules between two bendlets or the letters SPQS, between each three annulets intertwined, all sable (Rieti); in the sinister base, per fess azure a lion passant guardant or on a base proper and gules a cross argent (Viterbo)

This is…. I don’t… okay. Okay, fine. I don’t have a good explanation for the octagon, or the arrangement of the arms in saltire, but okay. The eighties were a weird time, I guess. The thing is, the actual component coats are all pretty reasonable on their own, and it’s not uncommon for regional arms to incorporate the arms of their component cities/provinces/regions. (I plan on delving further into the individual provincial arms once we get to those provinces.) The arrangement here is just… something else. I can honestly say I’ve never seen anything like it before.