Blazon: Argent in dexter a cross of Calatrava gules, in sinister two branches of fennel in saltire proper; pointé in base or a representation of St. Bernard of Clairvaux nimbed and bearing in the dexter hand a shepherd’s crook and in the sinister an open book also proper, robed gules
Like so many other municipalities in the region, Hinojosas de Calatrava belonged to the Order of Calatrava after Reconquista. As well as the symbol of the Order, the arms also include a canting element (“hinojo” meaning “fennel” in Spanish) and a representation of the patron saint of the town.
Arms of Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan (?-1289) and Elizabeth de Quincy
Blazon: Per pale baron and femme azure three garbs or and gules seven mascles conjoined 3, 3, and 1
Ferne gives Comyn’s wife’s name as Alice, but it was actually Elizabeth. The couple had at least nine children together.
The arms given here for Comyn are identical to the arms usually used for the Earls of Chester. Some sources have the Comyns as the first Earls of Chester before the title passed to John of Scotland, but I believe this is incorrect. I cannot find any reliable evidence that the Comyns and the Earls of Chester were related. This may be an error, or it may be a case of two families genuinely bearing the same arms. They were, after all, in two different kingdoms (the Comyns were Scottish), and the famous Scrope v. Grosvenor case would not be decided for another hundred years after Alexander Comyn’s death.
Blazon: Azure three salmon naiant in pale argent finned and tailed gules
Crest: On a wreath of the colors issuant from a wreath of bay leaves vert banded or a demi-stag proper gorged with a crown of or pendant therefrom an escutcheon ermine on a chevron vert between two chevronels the chief per pale azure and gules, the base per pale gules and azure, a cross paté or, holding between the forelegs a fountain
Supporters: Two stags proper gorged with a ribbon argent pendant therefrom an escutcheon azure issuant from the base an elm tree proper in front of a sun rising or and resting the interior hind hoof on a charred woodstock proper
Compartment*: A grassy mount proper supported by a fillet wavy pre fess wavy argent and azure
Mantling: Azure lined argent
The arms are derived from the historical arms of the borough, recorded as far back as 1572; the three salmon refer to three fisheries mentioned in the Domesday Book. The escutcheon on the crest bears the arms of the Borough of Malden and Coombe, and the supporters’ escutcheons show the arms of the Borough of Surbiton.
*Compartments are usually left to the discretion of the artist, not specified in the blazon.
It seems evident that the device on these arms is intended to be a representation of a particular tower, but I cannot find which one. It is possible that it depicts a castle built under the rule of the Schellenberger family, which was demolished by the Fürstenbergs in 1705, but this is purely speculation.