Many other ensigns also are allowed to a king, for the setting forth of his majesty, and to the declaration of his function, as, a Mound or ball of gold, with the cross upon it [orb], to signify, that the religion and faith of Christ ought to be reverenced throughout all his dominions. The scepter also in the one hand signefieth Justice, and the sword in the other teacheth vengeance.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p144

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The crown set on [the Queen’s] head, is called triumphant, and it is of gold, to signify her excellent Majesty; it is called triumphant, by reason that the like crown
in fashion and form was given to the Emperors and captains of the Romans in their triumphs over kings and nations.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p141