They are called Heralds most properly, and with good significant speech, to teach us what they were, and what they yet ought to be, for the word being composed of these two Teutch [Teutonic] words, Heere and auld, is as much to say an old Lord, or an ancient Sir, noting, that he ought to be a Gentleman, an and old man.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p151

The first sovereign that ever gave coat of Arms to his soldiers, was King Alexander the Great.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p149

Another historically dubious claim. While many Greek and Roman soldiers bore shields with pictorial devices, there is no evidence that these symbols were part of a larger hereditary system.

The bearing of Arms is no less ancient, than the battle of Troy: yea, as old, as the children of Israel, pitching their tents in the wilderness, under the conduct of
their Captain Duke Moses.*

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p149

A common, but unsubstantiated, assertion in heraldic texts from this time period.

[B]y the law of Arms, a Coat-armor may be given to a woman.

– From Lacies Nobility by Sir John Ferne (1586), p78

It should be noted that this concession comes after several pages of Ferne’s herald character, Paradin, explaining that women may only bear their arms on lozenges because that shape, like women themselves, is poorly suited to the battlefield, and only a queen in her own right may use the traditional three-cornered shield shape.

[Sir William de Tankerville] recieved as great an advancement in the bearing of his coat, which for the taking of [Robert Bosne, Earl of Leicester and Count of Meulan] prisoner, did assume Gules an escutcheon Argent within an Orle of 8 Cinquefoils Argent.

– From Lacies Nobility by Sir John Ferne (1586), p72

Robert and his father bore gules a cinquefoil ermine, hence the orle of cinquefoils.

Many other ensigns also are allowed to a king, for the setting forth of his majesty, and to the declaration of his function, as, a Mound or ball of gold, with the cross upon it [orb], to signify, that the religion and faith of Christ ought to be reverenced throughout all his dominions. The scepter also in the one hand signefieth Justice, and the sword in the other teacheth vengeance.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p144

The crown set on [the Queen’s] head, is called triumphant, and it is of gold, to signify her excellent Majesty; it is called triumphant, by reason that the like crown
in fashion and form was given to the Emperors and captains of the Romans in their triumphs over kings and nations.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p141