Arms of Philip II of Spain after the union with Portugal


Blazon: Per fess I per pale i quarterly 1 and 4 gules a castle triple-towered or, windowed azure (Castile), 2 and 3 argent a lion rampant gules crowned or (León), ii per pale 1 or four palets gules (Aragon) and 2 per saltire a. and d. Aragon, b. and c. argent an eagle displayed sable, armed and langued gules (Sicily); in the fess point an escutcheon argent, five escutcheons in cross azure, each charged with five plates in saltire, all within a bordure gules charged with seven castles triple-towered or, windowed azure (Portugal), all enté en point argent a pomegranate proper seeded gules, slipped and leaved vert (Granada); II per quarterly i gules a fess argent (Austria), ii azure semé de lis or within a bordure compony argent and gules (Burgundy ancien), iii bendy of six or and azure within a bordure gules (Burgundy moderne), iv sable a lion rampant crowned or, armed and langued gules (Brabant), in the fess point an escutcheon per pale or a lion rampant sable armed and langued gules (Flanders) and argent an eagle displayed gules armed and langued or (Tyrol)

In Germany of old the use of the bordure as a difference does not appear to have been very frequent, but it is now used to distinguish the arms of the Crown Prince. In Italian heraldry, although differences are known, there is no system whatsoever. In Spain and Portugal marks of cadency, in our sense of the word, are almost unknown, but nevertheless the bordure, especially as indicating descent from a maternal ancestor, is very largely employed.

A Complete Guide to Heraldry by A. C. Fox-Davies, p. 481-2