Arms of Newark Town Council, England

Newark

Granted 1561

Blazon: Barry wavy of six argent and azure on a chief gules a peacock in his pride proper between a fleur-de-lis on the dexter and a lion passant guardant on the sinister or

Crest: On a wreath argent and azure a morfex* argent beaked sable holding in its beak an eel proper

Supporters: On the dexter, an otter, on the sinister a beaver, all proper

Mantling: Gules lined argent

Motto: Deo fretus erumpe (Trust God and sally)

*The actual identity of this bird is unclear; this spelling does not reliably occur anywhere else. Possibilities include a moorhen, a martlet, a heron, a cormorant, or a grouse. (Campbell, Jillian, and Mike Cox. Secret Newark. Amberly Publishing Limited, 2015. Google Book Search. Web. 10 July 2016.)

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Smiths’ Company

From Heraldry Display’d, or London’s Armory by Samuel Lyne, p42

Arms of the Smiths’ Company

Blazon: Sable a chevron argent between three hammers crowned or

Crest: A peacock rising, wings addorsed and elevated, towards a sun in splendor, all proper

Motto: By Hammer and Hand all Arts do Stand

It is necessary to say how very honourable [the peacock] was reckoned amongst knights. St. Palaye says this and the pheasant were in higher esteem than any bird whatsoever.

From Historical Anecdotes of Heraldry and Chivalry by Susannah Dawson Dobson, p236