Blazon: Or two bars azure within an orle of martlets gules
Thomas was the son of William Paynel and an anonymous daughter of William fitzWimund. The arms use the same charges and positioning, but different tinctures. This is almost certainly an early form of differencing (changing arms to distinguish between members of a family). In England, differencing would later evolve into a codified system, at least according to most heraldic writers (though it is not clear how closely their rules were followed in practice).
Blazon: Or within a orle charged with eight beech leaves of the field an ointment container gules
When the municipalities of Sankt Magdalena am Lemberg and Buch-Geiseldorf merged in 2013, the new town’s arms incorporated the ointment container and orle from the former and the beech leaves from the latter.
Blazon: Per fess or seven trees eradicated palewise in fess vert, the alternate three shorter and gules a sword fesswise point to the dexter argent hilted and pommeled or within an orle of chain of the second
These are most likely canting arms, as “vivero” is Spanish for “garden center” or “nursery”; hence the seven trees.
Archbisop of Rouen 1651-1671, Archbishop of Paris 1671-1695, duke of Saint-Cloud 1674-1695 (1625-1695)
Blazon: Party of eight, I or a fess chequy gules and argent (La Marck), II azure an escutcheon* argent within an orle or and eight crosses couped of the second also in orle (Brézé), III argent three bars gules (Croÿ), IV azure three fleurs-de-lis or surmounted by a baton in bend gules (Bourbon), V azure semé of cross crosslets fitchy or a lion rampant argent (Sarrebruck), VI paly of six or and gules (Amboise), VII per quarterly i and iv lozengy in bend argent and azure (Bavaria), ii and iii sable a lion rampant crowned or, armed and langued gules (Brabant), VIII azure six plates in pile and a chief or (Poitiers-Valentinois); overall in the fess point an escutcheon argent two palets sable (Harlay)
*This charge seems to be depicted as a pale couped here instead of the escutcheon specified in the blazon.