Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV o five torteaux in orle, in chief a roundel of France (Medici), II and III gules a fess argent (Austria)
These are Marie’s arms from before her marriage. In a classic example of quartering, the first and fourth quarters display the arms of her father, Francesco I de’Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, while the second and third come from her mother, Archduchess Joanna of Austria. Since both parents were armigers, all of their children would have been entitled to bear their arms quartered. Upon marrying King Henry IV of France, she would have quartered his arms in the first and fourth quarters with the above arms in the second and third.
In use 1465 – 1737
Blazon: Or five torteaux in orle, in chief a roundel of France
In 1465, King Louis XI of France granted Piero di Cosimo de’Medici (also known as Piero the Gouty) the right to bear a roundel of France as part of the family arms. The grant was apparently made out of respect for the family’s financial acumen rather than as a sign of political or familial affiliation. The Medici continued to bear these arms until they went extinct in 1737, when Gian Gastone de’Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, died without issue.
In use 1363? – 1465
Blazon: Or eight torteaux in orle
Another potential arrangement of the torteaux in the Medici arms.
In use 1363? – 1465
Blazon: Or eight torteaux*
*Positioning of the torteaux seems to have been flexible; various depictions show them as 3, 3, and 2 or 1, 3, 3, and 1.
The alleged origin stories of the Medici arms are as entertaining as they are varied. One holds that one of the Medici ancestors was ennobled by Charlemagne after defeating a giant, and the torteaux represent the dents left on his shield. Another ties the arms to the family name; “medici” means “doctor,” so this theory holds that they represent pills or glasses. A more boring, but more realistic, hypothesis points out that the arms of the Moneychanger’s Guild are gules bezanté; the Medicis may simply have swapped the tinctures.
In use since at least 1366
Blazon: Argent three bendlets gules surmounted by a fess azure
The family’s origins date back to the later twelfth century, when Nesi Corsini arrived in Florence. The Corsini specialized in the textile trade, but later branched out into banking. In 1730, Lorenzo Corsini ascended to the papacy as Clement XII. He elevated his family to princes of Sismano (from the rank of marquis) in 1731.
Blazon: Party of six; I and VI azure three mounts in base or surmounted by as many feathers argent, II and IV or a double-headed eagle displayed sable, III and V argent a chain in saltire sable
Concini was awarded the additional quarters with the eagle in 1610 as part of his ascension to Marquis de l’Ancre, though I am not sure of its origin. It does not seem to be related to the German arms.
In use since 1496?
Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV azure three mounts in base or surmounted by as many feathers argent*, II and III argent a chain in saltire sable
*Intentionally unclear; some depictions have one feather on each mount, while others show the three feathers grouped on the central mount.
There is not much information available on the Concini family, but they seem to have been Tuscan in origin, possibly descended from the Counts of Catenaia.