Arms of the Earl and Countess of Lincoln

Lincoln
Arms of John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln 1232-1240 (c. 1192-1240) and Margaret de Quincy, Countess of Lincoln 1232-1266, suo jure 1240-1266 (c. 1206-1266)

From p114 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme I per quarterly i and iv per quarterly or and gules a bend sable and a label of three points argent (Lacy), ii and iii or a lion rampant purpre (Nigold/Neale), II per quarterly i gules seven mascles conjoined or 3, 3, and 1 (Quincy), ii per pale azure three garbs or (Chester) and azure a wolf’s head erased argent (d’Avranches), iii gules a cinquefoil ermine (Beaumont), iv gules a pale or (Grandmesnil)

You may recognize the baron’s arms as those of Roger de Lacy, Baron of Halton and Pontefract; John was his eldest son. They were jointly created Countess and Earl of Lincoln in 1232. The grant was mostly due to Margaret, as the title had previously been held by her mother Hawise of Chester. Thus, John was only Earl of Lincoln by right of his wife, and when he died in 1240, she retained her title in her own right.

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Legendary arms of Elizabeth of Castile


Wife of Ferdinand, the fifth king of Aragon from The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586) p222

Blazon: Aragon (or four palets gules*) impaled with gules a castle or (Castile)

*There is one fewer division than there should be in this representation.

Arms of Ralph Cromwell

4th Baron Cromwell (1394-1456)

Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV, argent a chief gules (Cromwell), II and III chequy gules and or, a chief ermine (Tattershall), overall a bend azure; all impaled with azure bilette and a fess dancetty or (Deincourt)

Mantling: Gules lined ermine

Supporters: Two wild men clad in leaves, all proper

In a long line of illustrated descent, each member has a peculiar distinction. They bear the paternal ensigns, attaching others either by impalement or quartering; they are connected with some other family, either by marriage or descent; and if they bear arms without such addition, celibacy is implied.

-From Inquiries into the Origin and Process of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dallaway, p224

Seal of William de Fortibus

1242

From Inquiries into the Origin and Process of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dallaway, p445

The arms on the dexter side of the shield are those of de Fortibus, gules a cross patonce vair, and those on the sinister are or a lion rampant azure, the paternal arms of his wife, Isabella de Fortibus, nee Redvers. His arms are dimidiated while hers are impaled.

 

An ample field of heraldic invention was now [during the reign of Richard II] expanded; for the escocheon, no longer singly charged with the hereditary bearing, admitted those of the wife by dimidiation or impalement, and of heirs general by quartering.

-From Inquiries into the Origin and Process of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dalloway, p116