Arms of Kevelioc and Lucye

Kevelioc and Lucye

Arms of Hugh de Kevelioc, Earl of Chester 1153-1181 (1147-1181) and ‘Beatrix Lucye’

From p43 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme; the first azure three garbs or, the second gules three lucies hauriant argent

Ferne seems to include Hugh mostly to castigate him for his role in revolting against Henry II in 1173. Once again, Ferne’s information on the wife seems to be inaccurate; Kevelioc married Bertrade de Montfort, who seems to have been a French noblewoman (at least, her grandfather certainly held land in Normandy). However, Ferne clearly believes that Kevelioc married into the Lucy family, regardless of the fact that Kevelioc’s granddaughter Margaret de Quincy’s later married into the same family.

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Arms of de Gernon and Gloucester

de Gernon and Gloucester
Arms of Ranulf de Gernon, Earl of Chester 1128-1153 (1099-1153) and Maud of Gloucester (?-1189)

From p43 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme; the first azure three garbs or, the second or three chevronels gules

The arms Ferne gives for Maud (whom he calls Alice) seem to be skipping ahead a few decades. The chevronels are well-known as the arms of the Clare family, who would inherit the earldom of Gloucester in 1225. Maud’s father Robert was the first earl of Gloucester and (probably) the first illegitimate son of Henry I. Since he was born before his father ascended the throne, it is unknown if he bore arms or what they would have been.

Arms of le Meschin and ‘de Vere’

le Meschin and de Vere

Arms of Ranulf le Meschin, Earl of Chester 1120-1129 (1070-1129) and ‘Maud de Vere’

From p42 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme; the first azure three garbs or, the second per quarterly or and gules, in the second quarter a rowel argent(?)

Ferne gives le Meschin credit for originating the azure-and-or arms of Chester (though I cannot verify the use of these arms before Hugh de Kevelioc ascended to the title in 1153). The garb, unsurprisingly, is said to represent “perfect
notes of aboundaunce” and “the fruite of that most happy mother peace.” (49) Ferne takes time to specifically commend the heraldic use of agricultural symbols: “[A]nye instrument appertaining to the tilling & earing of the earth, or
any fruit or seed proceeding and growing by the industry of man, maye bee borne in Armes, and it is good armory.” (51)

I cannot find any evidence that anyone named “Maud de Vere” existed. Historically, Ranulf le Meschin wed Lucy of Bolingbroke. (The previously-mentioned William de Roumare was her son from her second marriage to Roger Fitzgerold de Roumare.)

However, the information on Ferne’s family tree, as well as the coat of arms, seems to indicate some connection to the de Vere family which is not borne out by other available evidence. Ferne’s depiction of the arms has some clear
differences – the colors of the quarters are reversed, and the molet is pierced and in the wrong quarter.

Arms of de Briquessart and le Goz

Briquessart and le Goz

Arms of Ranulf de Briquessart, Viscount of Bessin 1066? – c. 1089 (?-c. 1089) and Margaret le Goz

From p42 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)

Blazon: Per pale baron and femme; the first or three barrulets gules, the second azure a wolf’s head erased argent

The family tree lists Margaret’s husband, improbably, as John Bohun (the most well-known individual of that name was approximately 300 years younger than de Briquessart and bore a completely different coat of arms). However, the text makes
it clear that Ferne is referring to de Briquessart; he states that he was also called “Randulph” and misattributes their son’s appellation of “le Meschin” or “the younger” as the father’s surname.

It is unclear whether the wolf’s head was granted to Hugh d’Avranches or his father; Ferne’s family tree seems to indicate the latter, since Margaret would not have had any right to bear her brother’s arms, but the evidence for this is
sketchy.

Before pedigrees were in use, the connection and descent of the bearer were illustrated by the insertion of more than one coat of arms into his escocheon, and the distribution and arrangement of these is termed marshalling.

-From Inquiries into the Origin and Process of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dallaway, p397-8