Arms of William Daubeney


From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Gules five fusils conjoined in fess, in chief three martlets argent

Our third and final Daubeney! I would surmise that William is probably a younger brother of Ralph – potentially the fourth, if these arms are consistent with the later system of cadency. However, I’m not sure they are. I believe that the Daubeney family claims the most family members (who share a surname) on the Dering Roll.

Arms of Philip Daubeney


From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Gules five fusils conjoined in fess argent, in chief three molets of five points or

The Daubeney/d’Aubigny/de Aubeney/etc. family strikes again! It’s fairly clear to me that this is a differenced version of the family arms – but given that Ralph had both a younger brother and a son named Philip, it’s not obvious which of them bore these arms, as both would be entitled to bear Ralph’s arms with a difference. The timelines make me think it’s slightly more likely to have been his brother; it’s less likely, though not at all impossible, that his son would have been old enough for military service at the time the Dering Roll was being drawn up. Another (though less definite) point in favor of the brother is the English system of cadency; first sons would use a label as their marker of cadency, while the molet allegedly belongs to a third son. However, this wasn’t really systematized until the mid-fourteenth century, at the earliest, so I don’t want to put too much weight on this point.

Arms of Ralph Daubeney


(c. 1214 – before 1292)

From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Gules five fusils conjoined in fess argent

The Daubeney family would be much easier to research if they could settle on one way of spelling their surname, but that’s an occupational hazard of genealogical research in the Middle Ages. The Ralph featured here is likely the nephew who inherited the lands of Philip d’Aubigny, who went on crusade and died in Jerusalem in 1236. This means there is a beautiful contemporary example of the de Aubeney arms in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Philip was, at that time, the head of the family, so when he died, the undifferenced arms passed to Ralph as well.

(And yes – I found all of those spellings and more. Standardization of orthography is a great gift that we should all be thankful for, at least when trying to figure out who lived when.)

On the marriage of Josceline with Agnes, he took by express stipulation the name of Percy, that he might preserve the name of the house; and he quartered his arms with were or, a lion rampant azure, with hers, which were azure five fusils in fess or.

From Historical Anecdotes of Heraldry and Chivalry, by Susannah Dawson Dobson, p110