Blazon: Sable a lion rampant double-queued or bearing between the front paws an escutcheon gules a fess argent (Austria)
The lion is a reference to the arms of the Habsburgs, and the escutcheon is easily recognizable as the arms of Austria. The region was under Austrian control until 1806. It is possible that this grant of arms was part of an ongoing power struggle between the local lords and the counts in Scheer; the grant may have been a show of support for the lords from Emperor Leopold I.
Blazon: Azure three salmon naiant in pale argent finned and tailed gules
Crest: On a wreath of the colors issuant from a wreath of bay leaves vert banded or a demi-stag proper gorged with a crown of or pendant therefrom an escutcheon ermine on a chevron vert between two chevronels the chief per pale azure and gules, the base per pale gules and azure, a cross paté or, holding between the forelegs a fountain
Supporters: Two stags proper gorged with a ribbon argent pendant therefrom an escutcheon azure issuant from the base an elm tree proper in front of a sun rising or and resting the interior hind hoof on a charred woodstock proper
Compartment*: A grassy mount proper supported by a fillet wavy pre fess wavy argent and azure
Mantling: Azure lined argent
The arms are derived from the historical arms of the borough, recorded as far back as 1572; the three salmon refer to three fisheries mentioned in the Domesday Book. The escutcheon on the crest bears the arms of the Borough of Malden and Coombe, and the supporters’ escutcheons show the arms of the Borough of Surbiton.
*Compartments are usually left to the discretion of the artist, not specified in the blazon.
Arms of Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester (1195-1264) and Helen of Galloway
From p81 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)
Blazon: Per pale baron and femme gules seven mascles 3, 3, and 1 or and argent an escutcheon within a tresseure fleury counter-fleury gules
Helen of Galloway was the daughter of Alan of Galloway, Lord of Galloway and Constable of Scotland. Through their marriage, Roger inherited one-third of the Lordship. He also received the earldom when his mother died in 1235. The arms in the sinister half of the shield allegedly belong to Alan of Galloway, but I cannot corroborate this anywhere. (The tinctures are also somewhat unclear.)
Blazon: Or a double-headed eagle displayed sable, armed of the field, langued and nimbed gules, charged on the breast with an escutcheon of the last a city wall with portcullis and three towers, the center with a pointed roof or
The escutcheon in the above arms seems to have been in use for a fairly long time (at least since 1932). The eagle seems to have come into use around 2010, though it is unclear why.
Blazon: Per quarterly I gules a castle triple-towered or windowed azure (Castile); II argent a lion rampant gules, armed, langued, and crowned or (Léon); III argent a cross of Calatrava gules; IV gules two hammers in saltire or; overall in an escutcheon azure three fleurs-de-lis or within a bordure gules(Anjou moderne)
The hammers are likely a reference to the importance of mining in the town’s history. Almadén was a major source of mercury and cinnabar since Roman times. Carlos III established an Academy of Mining in the region in 1777. The name of the town is derived from the Arabic “hisn al-ma’din”, or “fort of the mine.” The cross probably reflects Alfonso VII’s grant of the region to the Order of Calatrava in 1168.
Blazon: Argent two vines* intertwined vert, in the dexter chief an escutcheon sable a lion rampant double-queued or langued and crowned gules, in the sinister chief an escutcheon fusilly in bend azure and argent
The vine motif seems to be extremely old, possibly dating back to 1331 or even earlier. It remains consistent across many different versions of the arms. The escutcheons in the chief are probably derived from the arms of the Electoral Palatinate. The lion was the symbol of the County Palatine. The argent and azure fusils originally belonged to the Counts of Bogen, but were adopted by the House of Wittelsbach in 1247, and are often used for Bavaria.
*I have not had any luck identifying the specific types of vines shown here. Most depictions of the arms do go out of their way to distinguish between the dexter and sinister vines, which is a good indication that they are intended to be different, but I cannot determine the exact species.
Arms of David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon 1214?-1219 (1144-1219) and Matilda de Blondeville (1171-1233)
From p43 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)
Blazon: Per pale baron and femme; the first argent an escutcheon within a tresseure fleury counter-fleury gules, the second azure three garbs or
As grandson of David I of Scotland and younger brother of William I of Scotland, David was entitled to bear the royal arms with a difference. Judging from Ferne’s depiction, he used two methods of differencing that are more typical of
Scottish heraldry than English: changing the tinctures and using a different charge. The tresseure and use of gules still clearly connects him to the royal family of Scotland. According to Ferne, the nontraditional differencing is due to
his royal blood, since “for the difference being little & in the feeld far off, not easely to be perceaved, should bring a confusion to the people, so that is should be difficult to them, to discerne which is their King.” (63) He
attributes the specific choice of argent and an escutcheon to “the defense of verity, and sincere truth, signified by the cullor of white.” (65)