Arms of Claude de Lorraine

Duke of Cheveuse 1606-1657 (1578-1657)

Blazon: Per quarterly; I and IV party of eight, i barry of eight gules and argent (Hungary ancien), ii azure semé des lis or, a label of three points gules (Naples), iii argent a cross paté between four crosses or (Jerusalem), iv or four palets gules (Aragon), v azure semé des lis or within a bordure gules (Anjou), vi azure a lion counter-rampant or crowned gules (Gueldre), vii a lion rampant sable, armed and langued gules (Juliers), viii azure semé des cross crosslets fitchy, two fish hauriant addorsed or (Bar), overall a label of three points gules, in the fess point an escutcheon or on a bend gules three alerions argent (Lorraine); II and III per quarterly i and iv per pale 1 gules an escutcheon argent surmounted by an escarbuncle or (Clèves) and 2 or a fess chequy gules and argent (La Marck), ii and iii azure three fleurs-de-lis or within a bordure compony argent and gules (Burgundy ancien)

Futiere defines escarbuncles thus: “some call them royal scepters positioned in saltire, pale, and fess, joined and studded with gold.” (trans. from French) It was a buckle set with precious stones, by which the belt or sash were fastened, and was the ensign of Anjou.

– From Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dallaway, p461 (1793)

Military objects used as heraldic charges

 From Inquiries into the Origin and Process of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dallaway, p454

Left to right (click on the names for more examples of each charge):

The escarbuncle. While its origin is not certain, it is believed to have been a way of reinforcing wooden shields. It is probably best known as the badge of Henry II of England, taken from the ancient arms of the French region of Anjou.

The helmet, while most often seen as a component of complete achievements, does occasionally appear by itself as a charge.

The pheon was an ancient dart head. Although its shape and function are similar to the arrowhead, the pheon is barbed.

Badges of Henry II of England

dalloway425 p2.175 henry ii.2 dalloway425 p2.175 henry ii

From Inquiries into the Origin and Process of the Science of Heraldry in England by James Dallaway, p425

The left (a genet, or a small mammal resembling a civet or mongoose, between two broom plants, or genêt in French) is an allusion to Henry’s family name of Plantagenet, and the right, an escarbuncle, is derived from the arms of the House of Anjou.