Arms of Thomas Paynel

Thomas Paynel

From the Dering Roll (c. 1270-1300)

Blazon: Or two bars azure within an orle of martlets gules

Thomas was the son of William Paynel and an anonymous daughter of William fitzWimund. The arms use the same charges and positioning, but different tinctures. This is almost certainly an early form of differencing (changing arms to distinguish between members of a family). In England, differencing would later evolve into a codified system, at least according to most heraldic writers (though it is not clear how closely their rules were followed in practice).

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Notwithstanding, this courtesy, hath the law of Arms, or rather but custom showed in this case, that if a Gentle-woman of blood or coat-armor, marryeth a husband wanting both those, and hath issue by him a son, her son yet may for his life time, bear her coat, with his difference of Cinquefoil.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p65-6

Notwithstanding, this courtesy, hath the law of Arms, or rather but custom showed in this case, that if a Gentle-woman of blood or coat-armor, marryeth a husband wanting both those, and hath issue by him a son, her son yet may for his life time, bear her coat, with his difference of Cinquefoil.

– From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne (1586), p65-66

Arms of Henry Wriothesley

2nd Earl of Southampton (1545-1581)

Blazon: Party of six; I azure a cross or between four crows close argent; II argent a fret gules, on a canton of the last a lion passant or; III argent five lozenges conjoined in pale gules within a bordure azure charged with seven bezants; IV per pale indented gules and azure, a lion rampant or; V argent on a chevron between three crows close sable, a crescent or for difference; VI sable a chevron or between three cross crosslets fitchy argent; all impaled with per quarterly I and IV chequy or and azure, a fess gules fretty argent and II and III argent a lion rampant per fess sable and gules

Arms of Francis Talbot

5th Earl of Shrewsbury (1500-1560)

Blazon: Per fess, the first party per pale of five; I azure a lion rampant within a bordure or (Talbot); II gules a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed or (also Talbot); III argent five bendlets gules; IV barry argent and azure, an orle of martlets gules (Valence); V gules on a saltire argent (Neville), a martlet sable for difference; the second party per pale of four; I argent a bend between six martlets gules (Furnivall); II or a fret gules; III argent two lions passant gules (Strange?); IV argent a lion rampant sable

Crest: On a chapeau gules turned up ermine, a lion statant or

Supporters: Two talbots proper

Mantling: Gules lined ermine

Motto: Prest d’accompli (ready to accomplish)