Blazon: Per pale argent a cross of Santiago gules and azure a castle triple-towered or on a mount in base proper, surmounted in base by a basin argent of water barry wavy of the field and the last; pointé in base or a galero vert, in the fess point an alms bag, in base a croizer and a patriarchal cross in saltire sable
The archbishop’s regalia in base is presumably a reference to St. Thomas of Villanova, who was born in Fuenllana in 1488, and later canonized in 1658.
Blazon: Argent a cross of Santiago within a bordure gules charged with eight castles triple-towered or windowed azure
The cross of Santiago is drawn from the Order of Santiago, which held the region from 1275 to 1554, and the castles on the bordure are a reference to the Kingdom of Castile, of which the town has always been a part.
Blazon: Per pale argent a cross of Santiago gules and azure on a base proper a castle triple-towered or, all within a bordure of the second charged with eight castles triple-towered of the fourth windowed of the third
The castle that appears in the arms and gives the town its name is at least 800 years old, probably older. The settlement that eventually became Castellar de Santiago may have begun in the fortress once it was no longer used for defensive purposes.
Blazon: Per fess argent a cross of Santiago gules and or issuant from water in base barry wavy azure and the first seven reeds vert
The cross of Santiago probably refers to the multiple conquests of the town by the Order of Santiago – once in 1186 and again in 1212. The Order was later granted the area around the town in 1243, before it was later given to Pedro Díaz de Monsalve in 1387. The reeds (or carrizos in Spanish) are drawn from the name of the town.
Blazon: Per pale argent on a mount in base gules a castle triple-towered or and of the first a cross of Santiago of the second; pointé vert a crescent pendent of the first
The castle on the mount is likely a reference to the nearby Castle of Alhambra, which was built on a nearby hill for defensive purposes. It dates back to around the 12th century, and was granted to the Order of Santiago in 1214. According to local legend, tunnels that connect the castle to the town.
These are fairly average arms – nice to see they’re not pulling the “mount proper” dodge, but the castle or on argent is on pretty thin ice – with pretty common charges for the area. The really old stories of secret tunnels are just a great bonus.