Blazon: Per fess argent a cross of Calatrava gules and azure a tower of the first
Whatever kind of shade some ancient writers throw on canting arms, I love them. It’s like all the best parts of puns and linguistics put together! It’s especially satisfying when every element of the arms matches a component of the name in question. The “de Calatrava” clearly corresponds to the cross of Calatrava, from the military order that occupied much of the south of Spain during Reconquista. The first part of the name is covered in the base half of the arms – “torre alba” being a rather poetic way of saying “white tower” in Spanish. It’s possible the white tower in question is a direct reference to the town’s old fortress (which had a church built on it more than 500 years ago), but that’s pure speculation.
Blazon: Or issuant from a base a stone pine tree proper between a stag and a mountain goat statant respectant sable, in chief a cross of Calatrava gules
The name and arms are a reference to the abundance of stone pines in the area, which is unusual for the climate.
Blazon: Per fess argent a cross of Calatrava gules and or a grill fesswise sable, in base a palm branch embowed proper
The grill is a symbol of St. Lawrence, the patron saint of the town, who was roasted to death. The first records of the town date back to 1588, when a group of peasants told King Felipe II that they were unable to attend Mass because they lived too far from a church.
Blazon: Per fess argent a cross of Calatrava gules and or a shacklebolt in bend sinister sable
The cross of Calatrava reflects the village’s former membership in the Order of Calatrava. The shacklebolt is apparently a reference to the founder of Saceruela, Don Pedro Girón, but I am unsure of the connection.
Blazon: Per fess I per pale gules a castle triple-towered or windowed azure and argent a cross of Calatrava gules, II per fess dancetty or and gules
The arms in the base half of the shield are those of Rodrigo Téllez Girón, twenty-ninth master of the Order of Calatrava, who both founded and gave his name to the town.
Blazon: Per pale gules a well argent and of the second a cross of Calatrava of the first, pointé in base azure a loaf of bread of the second
The arms are primarily canting, due to the cross of Calatrava and the well (“pozo”), though I cannot find any explanation for the loaf of bread.
Blazon: Per fess argent a cross of Calatrava gules and or a double-headed eagle displayed and crowned sable
The arms in the base half of the shield are those of the Estrada family, who once controlled the region. Emperor Frederick of Germany granted these arms in 1188 to Gonzalo Fernández de Estrada, which probably explains their similarity to the German national arms.