From Encyclopedia of Heraldry by John Burke and John Bernard Burke (1844)
The Burkes give the blazon as follows:
“Quarterly, first and fourth, the Royal Arms, differenced by a label of three points, on the center point a cross gules; second and third, barry of ten, sable and argent, a cross treflé vert, for Saxony.
Supporters – Two lions rampant or, crowned proper each charged on the shoulder with a label as in the arms.”
Okay, first off, because I can’t not point it out: the charge of Saxony is not, and never has been a cross treflé (or botony, as I typically prefer.) It’s a ducal coronet (embowed or not might be a point of dispute), but it’s…. definitely not a cross. The arms of Saxony aren’t hard to find, and this is a second edition of the text, and this particular slip-up isn’t mentioned in the errata, AND they blazon it correctly (or anyway, less wrongly) on literally the same page, so I’m gonna have to blame shitty editing here. Like, come on, that is demonstrably not a cross. The artist got it right, at least.
Also, the label is worth a word. English royalty tend to use labels with differences to distinguish between the inevitably numerous heirs to the throne. We’ll see more of this a bit later on, since the Burkes have included depictions of the labels for many of the other members of the royal family. You will probably notice that Albert has a label with a difference (the cross gules) instead of the undifferentiated label of three points. This is due to the fact that, as Prince Consort, he wasn’t actually first in line to the throne. That honor goes to his and Victoria’s eldest son, Albert Edward, whom we’ll look at next week.
Blazon: Per quarterly I per quarterly i argent a cross potent between four crosses couped or (Jerusalem), ii barry of ten argent and azure, a lion rampant gules, armed, langued, and crowned or (Lusignan), iii or a lion rampant gules, armed, langued, and crowned azure (Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia), iv argent a lion rampant gules, armed, langued, and crowned or (Cyprus); II per pale gules a horse salient to the sinister argent (Westphalia) and barry of ten sable and or a ducal coronet in bend vert (Saxony), enté en pointe argent three crampets 1 and 2 gules (Angrie); III per pale argent biletté and a lion rampant sable, armed and langued gules (Chablais) and sable a lion rampant argent, armed and langued gules (Aoste); IV per pale chequy of nine or and azure (county of Geneva) and argent a chief gules (Montferrat); overall in the fess point an escutcheon gules a cross argent (Savoy
Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV per pale gules a horse salient to the sinister argent (Westphalia) and barry of ten sable and or a ducal coronet in bend vert (Saxony), enté en pointe argent three crampets 1 and 2 gules (Angrie); II argent biletté and a lion rampant sable, armed and langued gules (Chablais); III sable a lion rampant argent, armed and langued gules (Aoste); overall in the fess point an escutcheon gules a cross argent (Savoy)
Elector of Saxony 1694-1733, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 1697-1706, King of Poland 1709-1733 (1670-1733)
Blazon: Per quarterly I and IV gules an eagle displayed argent, armed and crowned or (Poland); II and III, gules a knight upon a horse salient, bearing in his dexter arm a sword fesswise argent and on his sinister an escutcheon azure a cross patriarchal or (Lithuania); overall in the fess point an escutcheon per pale the first per fess argent and sable, two swords in saltire, points towards the chief gules (Arch-Marshal of the Holy Roman Empire) and barry of ten sable and or, a ducal coronet in bend vert (Saxony)