In use 1262?-1551?
Blazon: Gules a ladder in pale argent
These arms are a classic example of canting arms – “la scala” is “ladder” in Italian, which is almost identical to the family name of Scaligeri or della Scala. The first recorded della Scala was a clothes merchant named in an 1180 document. The Scaligeri later ruled Verona from 1262 through 1387, when they were ousted after a few decades of fratricide and tyranny. However, they made numerous unsuccessful attempts to recover the city, proving half the truth in their family motto, Nec descendere nec morari (neither descending nor stopping).
Blazon: Per fess argent a cross of Calatrava gules and azure a tower of the first
Whatever kind of shade some ancient writers throw on canting arms, I love them. It’s like all the best parts of puns and linguistics put together! It’s especially satisfying when every element of the arms matches a component of the name in question. The “de Calatrava” clearly corresponds to the cross of Calatrava, from the military order that occupied much of the south of Spain during Reconquista. The first part of the name is covered in the base half of the arms – “torre alba” being a rather poetic way of saying “white tower” in Spanish. It’s possible the white tower in question is a direct reference to the town’s old fortress (which had a church built on it more than 500 years ago), but that’s pure speculation.
Blazon: Or issuant from a base a stone pine tree proper between a stag and a mountain goat statant respectant sable, in chief a cross of Calatrava gules
The name and arms are a reference to the abundance of stone pines in the area, which is unusual for the climate.
Blazon: Per pale or a passion cross gules and of the second a bunch of grapes leaved and three barrulets wavy in base of the first
The cross (or Kreuz) is a reference to the name of the town, and the grapes reflect the importance of winemaking in the region since Roman times.
Blazon: Per pale gules a well argent and of the second a cross of Calatrava of the first, pointé in base azure a loaf of bread of the second
The arms are primarily canting, due to the cross of Calatrava and the well (“pozo”), though I cannot find any explanation for the loaf of bread.
Blazon: Per fess argent a cross of Calatrava gules between two squash in chevron reversed vert and gules three wells or
The village’s proximity to the Orgueruelas river enabled a large number of wells (“pozos”) to be built in the vicinity, giving the town both its name and a part of its arms.
Granted 1958; in use since 1900
Blazon: Gules a representation of St. George proper armored or, mounted on a horse saliant argent, caprisoned of the second, slaying a dragon in crescent vert
The earliest depictions of the municipal arms show the arms of Baden (or a bend gules) in the chief, with the St. George and the Dragon motif in base. The Baden arms were dropped after Sankt Georgen became a city in 1891.