Blazon: Or a boar’s head erased proper, in chief a yoke gules, nails argent
The story here is that the boar’s head was a symbol of the local Samnite people, allegedly dating back to 258 BCE when it was stamped on coins. I found two different stories about the yoke. It could represent the eventual subjugation of the Samnites to the Romans, or – quite the contrary – it could be a reference to the “battle” of the Caudine Forks, where the Samnites tricked the Romans and forced them to surrender, humiliating them by making them pass under a yoke as a sign of their defeat.
I have no idea of the accuracy of any of the prior information. On the one hand, it goes back so far that the connection seems improbable; on the other hand, this is Italy, and if there’s anything they’re good at, it’s preserving Roman iconography. I think it’s most probable that the symbolism in these arms dates back to antiquity, but it wasn’t actually used in a heraldic manner, much less the above configuration, until much later.
Blazon: Argent a boar passant sable, armed of the field on a triple mount in base proper, in chief a cinquefoil gules
Both elements of the arms evidently derive from the Counts of Eberstein, an ancient regional family that died out in 1660. The cinquefoil was from their coat of arms (argent a cinquefoil gules seeded azure), and the boar (Eber) is a canting element on their name.
Blazon: Per fess argent a boar’s head erased sable, armed or, langued gules and of the last a stag statant of the third
The name of the town evolved over several centuries from Untzkoven or Ünzkowen to its current spelling. It may be derived from a farm named after someone named “Unzo,” but the ultimate origin is unclear.
Blazon: Per fess I argent an eagle displayed sable and II per pale i per pale gules a castle triple-towered or windowed azure and argent a lion rampant gules crowned or and ii or two boars passant in pale sable
Los Cortijos split off from its parent municipality, Fuente el Fresno, in 1940. Apparently local tradition holds that the two towns began to separate when two brothers from Fuente el Fresno built their houses far away from each other.
The Poers or Pohers seem to be closely associated with Ireland. This family may have been the same one that was granted the city and county of Waterford in 1177.
According to some of the research I dug up, the last name “Poer” is apparently derived from “the Poor,” so kudos to whatever medieval ancestors went from being so broke it became part of their name to being wealthy and/or kickass enough for a knighthood and a coat of arms. I know it probably didn’t happen in one generation, but I like to think it did. I like to think of that first Poor coming back from battle, boars’ heads painted on his shield, and daring anyone to call him stone broke. Actually, now that I type it out, “boar” and “poor” sound close enough that these arms might be a pun (assuming that the medieval English pronounced those words the same way we do. Okay, it’s a stretch.)