Arms of Gilbert de Gant, Earl of Lincoln c. 1149-1156 and Baron of Lindsey 1095-1156 (c. 1126-1156), and ‘Hawise de Roumare’
From p30 of Lacies Nobilitie by Sir John Ferne (1586)
Blazon: Per pale, baron and femme; the first or three barrulets azure surmounted by a bend gules, the second gules seven mascles 3, 3, and 1 between ten cross crosslets or 3, 4, 2, and 1
Ferne asserts that Gilbert married one Hawise de Roumare, William’s daughter, and thereby obtained the title Earl of Lincoln. This does not seem to be borne out by the historical record. First, William de Roumare only had one recorded child, a son who was also named William. Hawise was the name of de Roumare’s wife, so Ferne may be conflating the two. Moreover, Gilbert de Gant certainly did not marry into the earldom; when de Roumare took the Empress Matilda’s side during the Anarchy, King Stephen granted the title to de Gant (around 1149 or 1150). Ferne goes out of his way to insist that King Stephen only created de Gant Earl of Lincoln after he married de Roumare’s daughter in accordance with the laws of marriage and inheritance, but given that there is no evidence of a Roumare daughter, this seems improbable (and probably colored by Ferne’s open disdain for King Stephen). He may be conflating de Gant’s wife with Hawise of Chester, who was created the first countess of Lincoln in her own right in 1232.
Blazon: Or on a pile azure between five roses in pile gules barbed and seeded proper, issuant from water barry wavy of four of the second and argent a lymphad of the field flying flags and pennons of St. George
Crest: On a wreath of the colors within a circlet of four sprigs of heather proper and as many escallops reversed argent alternately, a representation of a Fylde windmill proper
Mantling: Azure lined or
Supporters: On the dexter a wolf rampant argent gorged with a collar azure charged with a barrulet wavy of the first, pendant therefrom a pentagon or charged with a martlet of the second, on the sinister a lion rampant of the third gorged with a like collar, pendant therefrom a pentagon gules charged with a cinquefoil ermine
Motto: Utraque parte fluminis (On either side of the river)
From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne, p178-9
Left to right:
Arms of “Ferdinande, a prince and infaunt of Spaine, Arche Duke of Austria”, who later became Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor: or an endorse between a lion saliant and an eagle displayed gules
Arms of Wroton: argent a pile bendwise issuant from the sinister base triple flory sable. Ferne terms it “naisant in bend;” in any case, it is a very unusual orientation.
Or two bendlets embattled counter-embattled gules surmounted by a bar azure. Ferne uses “crenelle” and “bretessy” instead of “embattled counter-embattled” and says they are “fretted with a barrulet” rather than “surmounted by a bar,” but the ordinary in question seems too large to be called a barrulet.
From The Blazon of Gentrie by Sir John Ferne, p177
On the left: Ferne blazons this as “Verte in chief crenelle Argent a file B. [azure]”, though in more modern language it would be “vert a chief embattled argent, surmounted by a fillet [or barrulet] couped azure”
On the right: The arms of Burley, paly of six argent and azure, a barrulet, chief, and base gules. Ferne gives the blazon as “palee of 6 parts A[rgent] and B [azure], fretted with a barrulet in fesse G[ules], chief and base of the same.”
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