The first monarch who assumed the rose was Edward I, who bore the flower or, the stalk green.

From The Curiosities of Heraldry by M. A. Lower

Arms of Frederick II of Denmark, 1534-1588; reigned 1559-1588 Blazon: Per cross paté argent fimbriated gules; I, or seme de hearts gules, three lions passant in pale azure, armed and langued of the second, crowned of the third; II, gules a … Continue reading

In heraldry, badges are a kind of subsidiary arms used to commemorate family alliances, or some territorial rights or pretensions. Sometimes, also, and perhaps more generally, they serve as trophies of some remarkable exploit achieved by an ancestor of the bearer.

From The Curiosities of Heraldry by M. A. Lower